The number (1+√5)/2 ≈ 1.618033988749894848204586834… referred to as φ(Phi) also known as the Divine Number (in ancient times) or the Golden Ratio (modern mathematics). φ had fascinated men since time immemorial. This number is said to be the fundamental used by God to build the Universe. Why? Well read the following and you’ll understand!
The number φ is considered to be a very important number in art. φ is generally considered the most beautiful number in the universe.
φ was derived from the Fibonacci sequence-a progression famous not only because the sum of adjacent terms equalled the next term, but because the quotients of adjacent terms possessed the astonishing property of approaching the number 1.618 or φ!
1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34 … (1/1≈ 1.6, 2/1≈ 1.6, 3/2 ≈ 1.6, 5/3 ≈ 1.6)
Despite φ’s seemingly mystical mathematical origins, the truly mind-boggling aspect of PHI was its role as a fundamental building block in nature. Plants, animals, and even human beings all possessed dimensional properties that adhered with eerie exactitude to the ratio of φ:1 or the Golden Ratio.
If you divide the number of female bees by the number of male bees in any beehive in the world, you always get the same number… 1.618.
The ratio of each nautilus spiral’s diameter to the next is 1.618.
Sunflower seeds grow in opposing spirals. The ratio of each rotation’s diameter to the next is
Measure the distance from the tip of your head to the floor. Then divide that by the distance from your belly button to the floor or measure the distance from your shoulder to your fingertips, and then divide it by the distance from your elbow to your fingertips or hip to floor divided by knee to floor. Finger joints. Toes. Spinal divisions. All lead to φ
When the ancients discovered PHI, they were certain they had stumbled across God’s building blocks for the world, and they worshipped Nature because of that. And one can understand why. God’s hand is evident in Nature.
φ can be found in the architectural dimensions of the Greek Parthenon, the pyramids of Egypt, the United Nations Building in New York, the organizational structures of Mozart’s sonatas, Beethovan’s Fifth Symphony, as well as the works of Bartok, Debussy, and Schubert.
Five intersecting lines that form a pointed star… the symbol of a pentagram, is one of the most powerful images you will ever see. Also known as a pentacle, as the ancients called it, this symbol is considered both divine and magical by many cultures.
The ratio of line segments in a pentacle all equal PHI, making this symbol the ultimate expression of the Divine Proportion. For this reason, the five-pointed star has always been the symbol for beauty and perfection associated with the goddess and the sacred feminine.
Da Vinci Code